Past Questions and Answers

Civic Education Waec Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)

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Civic Education Waec Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)

Here are 20 WAEC Civic Education questions, including a theory section with 5 questions. Each question includes options and the correct answers.


Multiple Choice Questions

Which of the following is a fundamental human right?


A) Right to own a car

B) Right to free education

C) Right to watch TV

D) Right to use social media

Answer: B

What does the term “Rule of Law” imply in governance?


A) Rule by the military

B) Rule by a single leader

C) Rule based on established laws

D) Rule by religious leaders

Answer: C

Citizens’ participation in governance is best described as:


A) Dictatorship

B) Autocracy

C) Democracy

D) Oligarchy

Answer: C

The primary function of the judiciary is to:


A) Make laws

B) Interpret laws

C) Enforce laws

D) Amend laws

Answer: B

What is the importance of the separation of powers in a democracy?


A) Concentration of power

B) Prevents abuse of power

C) Weakens the government

D) Enhances corruption

Answer: B

Which level of government is responsible for local affairs in a federal system?


A) Federal Government

B) State Government

C) Local Government

D) Municipal Government

Answer: C

The process of electing representatives is known as:


A) Voting

B) Nomination

C) Legislation

D) Proclamation

Answer: A

What is the role of a constitution in a country?


A) Provides entertainment

B) Establishes laws

C) Promotes corruption

D) Encourages discrimination

Answer: B

Which of the following is a civic responsibility?


A) Paying taxes

B) Speeding on the highway

C) Ignoring traffic rules

D) Littering in public spaces

Answer: A

What is the main purpose of the United Nations (UN)?


A) Promoting world domination

B) Maintaining global peace and security

C) Supporting dictatorship

D) Exploiting natural resources

Answer: B

True/False Questions

The executive branch of government is responsible for making laws.


True / False

Answer: False

Human rights are universal and apply to every individual regardless of their nationality.


True / False

Answer: True

A democratic government allows citizens to participate in decision-making processes.


True / False

Answer: True

Freedom of expression is a right, but it does not have any limits or responsibilities.


True / False

Answer: False

Local government is not essential in a federal system of government.


True / False

Answer: False

Theory Questions

Explain the concept of the Rule of Law and its importance in a democratic society.


Discuss three ways citizens can actively participate in the governance of their country.


Describe the role of the judiciary in ensuring justice and protecting citizens’ rights.


Examine the significance of the separation of powers in maintaining a balance of power in a democracy.


What are the key elements of a constitution, and how do they contribute to the stability of a nation?

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