Secondary School Lesson Notes and Scheme of Work

SS1 First Term Financial Account Lesson Note and Scheme of Work

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SS1 First Term Financial Account Lesson Note and Scheme of Work


Week 1: Introduction to Financial Accounting

Lesson Note: Begin with the fundamentals of financial accounting, introducing basic concepts like assets, liabilities, and equity. Use practical examples to illustrate these concepts.


Scheme of Work: Cover topics such as the accounting equation, double-entry system, and the accounting cycle. Activities include class discussions, case studies, and simple ledger entries.


Week 2: Accounting Principles and Concepts

Lesson Note: Delve into the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and fundamental accounting concepts. Discuss how these principles guide financial accounting practices.


Scheme of Work: Explore topics like consistency, materiality, and prudence. Engage students with real-world examples, and assign exercises for practical application.


Week 3: Recording Transactions – Journals and Ledgers

Lesson Note: Teach students the process of recording financial transactions in journals and transferring them to ledgers. Emphasize accuracy and detail.


Scheme of Work: Cover topics such as journalizing transactions, posting to ledgers, and preparing trial balances. Conduct hands-on exercises for journal entries.


Week 4: Financial Statements – Income Statement and Balance Sheet

Lesson Note: Introduce students to the preparation of financial statements, focusing on the income statement and balance sheet.


Scheme of Work: Discuss revenue recognition, expense matching, and the classification of assets and liabilities. Conduct practical sessions for statement preparation.


Week 5: Cash Flow Statements

Lesson Note: Move into cash flow statements, explaining their significance and how to prepare them. Emphasize the importance of cash management.


Scheme of Work: Cover operating, investing, and financing activities. Include real-life examples and case studies. Assign exercises on cash flow statement preparation.


Week 6: Financial Ratios and Analysis

Lesson Note: Shift focus to financial ratios and their interpretation. Teach students how to analyze these ratios for decision-making.


Scheme of Work: Explore liquidity, profitability, and solvency ratios. Use industry benchmarks for comparison. Assign projects for ratio analysis.


Week 7: Budgeting

Lesson Note: Introduce the concept of budgeting, emphasizing its role in planning and control. Discuss various types of budgets.


Scheme of Work: Cover master budgets, flexible budgets, and variance analysis. Include practical exercises where students create simple budgets.


Week 8: Cost Accounting

Lesson Note: Delve into cost accounting principles, explaining how costs are classified and allocated.


Scheme of Work: Cover topics such as job costing, process costing, and overhead allocation. Engage students with cost calculation exercises.


Week 9: Financial Management

Lesson Note: Explore the basics of financial management, including capital budgeting, financing decisions, and working capital management.


Scheme of Work: Discuss time value of money, capital structure, and financial planning. Assign case studies for financial decision-making.


Week 10: Accounting for Partnerships

Lesson Note: Focus on partnership accounting, explaining the formation, operation, and dissolution of partnerships.


Scheme of Work: Cover topics such as profit and loss appropriation, admission of partners, and dissolution procedures. Conduct group activities on partnership scenarios.


Week 11: Revision Week

Lesson Note: Review key concepts covered throughout the term, addressing any questions or areas of confusion.


Scheme of Work: Organize revision sessions, quizzes, and group discussions. Provide additional resources for self-study.


Week 12: Examination Week

Lesson Note: Prepare students for the final examination, emphasizing exam techniques and time management.


Scheme of Work: Administer mock exams, discuss sample questions, and provide feedback on practice papers. Address any last-minute concerns.


Week 13: School Dismissal Week

Lesson Note: Conclude the term by summarizing key takeaways and acknowledging students’ efforts.


Scheme of Work: Reflect on the term’s achievements and discuss areas for improvement. Share additional resources for continued learning during the break.

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