School Guide

Direct Entry Requirements For Medicine And Surgery In Nigeria

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In Nigeria, pursuing a career in medicine and surgery is highly sought after and competitive. The journey to gaining admission into these courses can be challenging, with rigorous requirements and fierce competition. However, an alternative pathway known as direct entry offers a way for eligible candidates to enter these programs without taking the traditional UTME route. In this article, we will delve into the direct entry requirements, benefits, disadvantages, and application process for studying medicine and surgery in Nigeria.

Direct Entry Requirements:

Direct entry into medicine and surgery offers a route for students with a degree in relevant science subjects like biology, chemistry, or physics. A second-class upper division (2.1) degree is typically required. Another pathway is the Interim Joint Matriculation Board Examination (IJMBE), a pre-university test focusing on fundamental sciences essential for medical studies. Achieving a minimum score of 60% is necessary to pass. Additionally, a diploma in a relevant medical science subject from a recognized institution with a second-class upper division is also acceptable.

Benefits of Direct Entry:

Opting for direct entry provides several advantages for aspiring medical students. Firstly, it enables them to commence their medical studies a year earlier compared to the UTME route. Secondly, foundational science courses completed during the degree or diploma program offer a head start in medical studies. Lastly, direct entry candidates may have improved chances of securing a spot at a reputable medical school.

Disadvantages of Direct Entry:

While direct entry offers numerous benefits, there are a few drawbacks to consider. First, students might lack the same level of preparation as those who have taken the UTME route. Second, navigating the medical school application process could be less familiar. Lastly, direct entry candidates may face higher tuition fees.

Application Process for Direct Entry:

The process of applying for direct entry into medicine and surgery programs varies among institutions. Generally, applicants are required to submit academic transcripts, a compelling letter of motivation, and letters of recommendation. Depending on the institution, candidates might need to take the IJMBE or another pre-university examination as part of the application process.


For individuals aspiring to pursue a career in medicine and surgery in Nigeria, direct entry offers an appealing alternative to the traditional UTME route. The early start, familiarity with foundational science courses, and potential advantages in school placement make it a viable option. However, prospective students must carefully assess the pros and cons before deciding on the direct entry pathway. Taking this step can pave the way for a rewarding journey into the world of medicine and surgery.

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